A chemical attack is the deliberate release of a toxic gas, liquid or solid that can poison people and the environment.
Before a Chemical Attack
- Make sure that your Ready kit includes supplies that can be protective during a chemical attack, including:
- A roll of duct tape and scissors.
- Plastic for doors, windows and vents for the room in which you will shelter in place. To save critical time during an emergency, pre-measure and cut the plastic sheeting for each opening.
During a Chemical Attack
- Possible signs of a chemical attack include:
- Many people suffering from watery eyes, twitching, choking, having trouble breathing or losing coordination.
- Many sick or dead birds, fish or small animals are also cause for suspicion.
- If you see signs of chemical attack, find clean air quickly:
- Try to define the impacted area or where the chemical is coming from, if possible.
- Take immediate action to get away.
- If the chemical is inside a building where you are, get out of the building without passing through the contaminated area, if possible.
- If you can’t get out of the building or find clean air without passing through the area where you see signs of a chemical attack, it may be better to move as far away as possible and shelter-in-place.
- If you are outside, quickly find the fastest way to find clean air. Consider getting out of the area or going inside the closest building to “shelter-in-place.”
- If you are instructed to remain in your home or office building, you should:
- Close doors and windows and turn off all ventilation, including furnaces, air conditioners, vents and fans.
- Seek shelter in an internal room and take your Ready kit.
- Seal the room with duct tape and plastic sheeting.
- Listen to your radio for instructions from authorities.
- If you think you may have been exposed to a chemical:
- Remove clothing immediately.
- Look for a hose, fountain, or any source of water. Wash with soap if possible, being sure not to scrub the chemical into your skin.
- Seek emergency medical attention.
- If your eyes are watering, your skin is stinging and you are having trouble breathing, you may have been exposed to a chemical.